Blackjack is one of those games currently forming the centerpiece of all top online casino sites. The persecutor of the game was twenty-one game of unknown origin. The first written reference of the game was found in a book by one of the most prominent writers of all time, Miguel de Cervantes in his most Don Quixote book. The author was a gambler so in his book, he often portrayed gamblers like in his tale Rinconete y Cortadillo from his piece Novelas Ejemplares.
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From the Seventeenth Century to the Present
Cervantes’s characters are proficient at cheating while playing the game in which the main objective is to reach 21 points while not going over. The game used to be played with the popular Spanish baraja deck that lacks nines and eights. Cervantes’ novel was introduced somewhere between 1601 and 1602 which is a clear indication the game was widely played in Castilla at the beginning of the 17 century. Later references to the game are found in France.
Sometime later, the game twenty-one precursor of modern Blackjack was introduced to the United States. At that time various gambling houses offered generous bonuses in order to stimulate players. One of the most popular bonuses was a ten-to-one payout in the case when player’s hand consists of a blackjack which is either the jack of spades or the jack of clubs and the ace of spades. This particular hand was called a blackjack. This name later stuck with the game despite the fact this bonus was soon withdrawn. When it comes to the modern game, the name blackjack refers to any hand consisting of an ace alongside a ten or face regardless of colors and suits.
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The First Attempt in Order to Devise an Optimal Blackjack Strategy
The first mathematically and scientific sound attempt in order to devise an optimal game strategy was revealed back in 1956. Several scientists including Herbert Maisel, Wilbert Cantey, Roger Baldwin and James McDermott after carefully examining the game for quite some time publisher their paper named The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack in one of the most prominent journals, The Journal of the American Statistical Association.
This paper later became the foundation of future attempts and efforts towards beating the game of blackjack. The paper also served as an inspiration for further scientific work on the game. For instance, Ed Thorp used Baldwin’s calculations in order to verify those basic Blackjack strategies that he later all gathered in a book Beat the Dealer published in 1963.
- Started in France back in the 1700s
- Named vingt-et-un meaning twenty-one in English
- Roger Baldwin in 1956 applied mathematics to Blackjack in his paper The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack
- Edward O. Thorp in 1962 developed the first card counting technique
Blackjack Rules: The Only Game Where the Player Can Have an Advantage Over the Dealer
At online casino venues, there are usually more several Blackjack variants like multi-deck or single-deck Blackjack. These days many online casinos introduce Blackjack mobile and Live Blackjack, so you can play different variants on the game while on the go and you can experience that feeling of the game from the traditional land-based casinos. The variants of the game are often available with slightly different playing rules. It is very important to get to know basic Blackjack rules before you start playing the game. Another thing you should keep in mind is what is the house edge. The casino edge differs from one online casino to another, so make sure you know these details before you start playing. When you have your spot at a Blackjack table, in order to make a bet, you just have to decide on the size of your bet, and then click that button deal mostly situated at the center of the screen. Once the initial cards are dealt, you have several options to choose from including double, split, hit and stand.
As soon as you decide on your bet size and once you click the deal button you will choose between three options mentioned above. The available betting ranges depend on at which online casino venue you are playing, but most commonly you will be offered amounts including $1, $5, $25 and $100. The most widely played casino game in the world is a comparing card game between a dealer and several players. Every player participating, in turn, competes against that the house or the dealer. It should be noted that all player competes against the dealer, not against each other. The game is usually played with one or two card decks containing fifty-two cards. The main objective of Blackjack is to beat the dealer in several possible ways including:
- Getting 21 points on your first two cards which are called natural or blackjack without a dealer having a blackjack
- Reaching a final score higher in comparison to the dealer’s score without exceeding number 21
- Letting the dealer draw additional cards until exceeding 21
Placing Your Bets
Blackjack is a classic casino game which has been present around for centuries. In the game cards, 2 through 10 are worth their value, and cards including King, Jack, Queen are worth 10. An ace can be worth either 11 or 1. A hand consisting of an ace which is counted as 11 is named a soft hand. On the other hand, a hand with an ace which is counting as 1 is named a hard hand. After you have placed your money bet, you receive two cards which are face up. The dealer will also receive a card which is face up. There are some variations of the game where players receive two cards facing up. In the case when your two cards count a total of 21, you have a blackjack and you will be paid by the dealer 3/2 on your bet. On the other hand, if the dealer also receives blackjack you will push or tie the hand and your initial stake will ride on the following hand.
Playing Your Hand
If you are not that lucky, and if you haven’t made blackjack, you have several options to choose from. You can choose option stand that is electing to take no more cards. If you choose this option, the play moves on to the following player if other players are participating or to the dealer. The second option is to click hit that is to take another card in order to make your total cards value closer to 21. You can choose option hit until you exceed 21 or go bust. There is another option split when you are dealt two same cards. If you decide to split your cards, you double your initial bet and then play the hands separately. You can also choose double down option in order to double the amount of your initial bet by taking one more card and then choosing a stand. To when playing your hand you have options including:
- Stand: Elect to take no more cards and move to the following player or to the dealer
- Hit: Take another card in order to make your total hand value closer to 21
- Split: Double your bet and play two hands separately
- Double Down: Double the amount of your initial bet and take one more card
The Dealer’s Turn
What makes the game so fun is the dealer plays also. When it comes to the dealer’s play she turns over his card facing down in the case when he has one or deals himself another card facing up. The dealer also has several options depending on what total hand value is at the moment. In the case when his hand value is 16 or less, there is only one option and the dealer must hit. On the other hand, if the dealer has hand total of 18 he has only an option to stand. When the dealer has dealt with himself a hard 17 which is a card worth 7 and 10, he must stand. In the case when the dealer has dealt a soft 17 which is a 6 or an ace, for instance, he must hit. These rules may vary from one casino to another, so before you play the games make sure you read the rules.
- Dealer’s card total 16 or less: Must Hit
- Dealer’s card total 18 or more: Must Stand
- Dealers’ card total a hard 17: Must Stand
- Dealer’s card total a soft 17: Must Hit
Player has an option to take insurance in the real Blackjack kind. For instance, when the dealer is dealt an ace that is facing up, you have an option to take insurance. Taking insurance is paying another bet amount equal to half of your original bet in the certain advent that the dealer’s second car be a blackjack. In the case when the dealer makes blackjack you win 2/1 on your insurance bet. On the other hand, if the dealer doesn’t hit blackjack, you lose your money.
Blackjack Types and Formats: Exciting Blackjack Variations
Just like with online roulette, there are several Blackjack varieties offered at every major online gambling venue. Real money online gambling isn’t stifled by limits or floor space like traditional land-based casinos, so if there is a variant fo game invented, there are quite decent chances you can play it immediately online. Some of the several Blackjack variations you can find online are played with a single deck of cards, while others use several decks of cards. When it comes to the dealer’s actions on his hand, they may vary from one game to another. It should be noted that the basic Blackjack gameplay also may be very different in different variants of the game. The most popular Blackjack variants include:
- Blackjack Surrender
- Double Exposure Blackjack
- Bonus Blackjack
- Triple 7s Blackjack
- Spanish Blackjack
- Multi-Hand Blackjack
One of the most popular variants of Blackjack is Blackjack Surrender. It is one of the most favorite variants for almost every table games fans out there. In this type of the game, after the dealer checked for blackjack, when you think your two cards are not good enough to beat the dealer’s hand, you have an option to choose surrender. When you surrender your hand, your hand immediately loses, but you get that half of your initial bet back. Using surrender option, you don’t lose the whole original bet. In another popular Blackjack variant, Double Exposure Blackjack, both cards dealt with the dealer are facing up.
The popular version of the game, Spanish Blackjack is played with no tens which are removed from the deck. On the other hand Bonus, Blackjack offers bonus jackpot for specific hands. Tripe 7s Blackjack is a unique Blackjack game that comes with an amazing progressive jackpot for winners. Another popular version of Blackjack, Multi-Hand Blackjack allows you to play with multiple hands at the same time. Just like Single-Hand Blackjack has different variations, Multi-Hand Blackjack offers exciting variations as well.
Blackjack Strategies: Turn the Odds in Your Favor
One of the best ways to begin playing the game smarter is to remember just one very simple truth. Whether you decided to go with your gut or to adopt a basic online Blackjack strategy, you should never forget the objective of the game. The objective of the game is not to avoid going over 21 but to beat the dealer. This means, by trying not to bust you have to pay attention to the dealer and his cards. You have to understand the role of those cards in the dealer’s hand and what they entail. Knowing where both casino and the dealer have an advantage over you is more than powerful. The dealer’s play is forced, while you are allowed to decide on which move you take by doubling down, standing, hitting or splitting. This means, you actually can turn the odds in your favor on some occasions during the game.
Remember, that the simplicity of the game shouldn’t trick you so you think you can play without paying attention. The dealer gets that chance to play last, and he will collect your money when you go over 21 even in the case when he as well goes bust. When bot fo you go broke, the dealer is paid. However, the dealer’s play is forced so it is more than crucial to pay attention to those smallest details. In order to improve your chances of beating the dealer learn when to double down, when to split cards and when to surrender. The basic Blackjack strategy three stages. So in stage one of the basic strategy depending on total points of your hand you should:
- Total points 3 to 11: Hit
- Total points 12 to 16: Hit id dealer’s hand is greater than six, otherwise Stand
- Total points 17 TO 20: Stand
- Total points 7: Hit if dealer’s hand is eight or greater, otherwise Stand
So this is the basic beginner’s strategy. There is a second stage of this strategy when you have pairs in your hand.
- All pairs except 10s, 5s and 4s: Split
- Pair of 10s: Stand
- Pair of 5s: Hit if dealer’s hand is 10 or A, otherwise Double Down
- Pair of 4s: Hit
The last stage of the basic Blackjack strategy tells you when to double down in order to increase your chances.
- Total points 9: Double Down if dealer’s hand total is less than 7
- Total points 10: Double Down is dealer’s hand total is less than 10
- Total points 11: Double Down
There are many more advanced Blackjack strategies that you will learn over some time as you play the game more and more. Before you start playing the game, make sure you read details regarding the casino edge as this may differ from one casino to another. There are rule variations on the effect on the player’s expected return depending on players’ actions. Take these into consideration as well and know your odd at any point during the game.
The game is one with the lowers casino edges, so there is no wonder why it remains one of the favorites. For instance, the casino edge on one deck is 0.17%, two decks 0.46%, four decks 0.60%, six decks 0.64% and eight decks 0.66%, so playing with fewer decks is better for you, as the casino edge is smaller. Besides following this basic strategy, there are several tips you should take into account while playing the game including:
- Always split aces
- Never take insurance as it is more profitable to risk losing your initial bet in the long run
- Always double down on 11
- Surrender when the dealer has a 10, the player has hard 15
- Surrender when you have a total of hard 16 and the dealer has a card from 9 up to an Ace
- Play with the fewer decks
- Re-Splitt if possible in order to reduce the casino advantage
Conclusion: The Best from the Online Casino Industry
There is no wonder why Blackjack is one of the most popular casino games both at land-based and online casinos. It is the game of both luck and skill and one in which a player can turn odds in his favor. Don’t forget that appealing casino edge which is significantly lesser than in other casino games. The game currently is forming the centerpiece of those industry leading casinos’, so online venues are adding more exciting game variants on regular basis to keep players engaged. You can take the game wherever you go playing Mobile Blackjack and you can play with a real dealer from the coziness of your home with Live Blackjack.
Before you start your Blackjack adventure, make sure you check our recommendation of online casino venues that offer plenty of fun in a safe and reliable environment. You can play Blackjack everywhere these days, but not all those places offer you the best chances of winning some real money on Blackjack. Picking that right online casino venue is as just important as picking your strategy, so don’t make that common mistake and play anywhere. Instead, choose the best listed here and finally turn the odds in your favor.