For a long time, Roulette has been one of the most popular casino games. Over the years, Roulette has attracted many different types of players who wanted to try their luck and see whether or not they can win certain amounts of money by playing this game. Even though Roulette has been present as a gambling game for a long time, it did not change a lot during all those years. One of the reasons why this casino game has been so popular among the players is the fact that Roulette is one of the easiest casino games to understand with relatively simple rules.
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That does not mean that this casino game does not provide depth for those betters who want to experience a bit more serious levels of gambling. Before actually starting to play this game, read this piece and find out the most important information about the games starting from its historical development to the rules and strategies for playing this casino game.
Roulette Games Through History
The first specific traces of game of Roulette are found in France and because of that, it is believed that French were the ones who invented this game and who created the first sets of rules for this game. In fact, the name Roulette is of French origin and it means ‘little wheel’ which seems to have logical footing when we consider how the game is being played. The first traces about this game appear back in the 18th century and many believed that a man called Blaise Pascal was the inventor of this game.
However, many historians and modern day Roulette experts are claiming that Roulette has actually been created as a combination of an Italian game called Biribi and the gaming wheel that was invented in the 1720s. The game as we know it today was created in 1796 in Paris and since then the rules of the game have not changed significantly which makes Roulette one of the oldest casino games in the entire world.
The first description of Roulette with the rules that are applied even today appeared in the novel called La Roulette, a novel written by Jaques Lablee. At that time, the game of Roulette included the roulette wheel that featured red for the single zero, black for the double zero. However, at that time, in order to avoid the confusion in the casinos when playing this game, the casinos added the green for the zeros in the roulette wheels. During the initial ages of the 19th century, the game of Roulette was played with three colors.
In 1843, in Germany, Francois and Louis Blanc introduced a new version of the game in which they had only the single 0 style roulette wheel unlike another version of the game that featured single and the double zero. In the United States, the game of Roulette featured numbers between 1 and 28 as well as the Eagle slot which symbolized the American freedom. However, casinos used that eagle slot for their extra edge. Today, Roulette wheels that feature Eagle slot are very rare and there is hardly any that is being currently used.
In the 19th century, Roulette spread all over Europe and the United States and in a very short period of time, it became one of the most popular casino game in the entire world. In the 1860s, the Blanc family moved all their
casino operations in Europe to Monte Carlo and in that way, this small city-country became the center of the gambling industry in Europe. In those casinos, the premier roulette game featured the single zero roulette wheel. This single zero roulette became dominant in every part of the world except in the United States where the double zero roulette was still dominant.
During the latter stages of the 20th century, Las Vegas and Monte Carlo were the only big gambling centers in the entire world and considering that these cities featured different types of roulette, gamblers had the option of selecting where and what type of roulette they want to play.
Roulette Rules: Learn to Play the Game
Before actually starting to play the game, a player needs to be aware of the rules of the game. The roulette wheel features 36 slots that correspond to numbers from 1-36 including 0. In some casinos in the United States, the ’00’ is still featured as one of the slots. Initially, a croupier will send a small ball spinning in the roulette wheel that should eventually land on one of the slots with the corresponding number. Players place bets on the table that correlated with the slots where the ball might land and there are several options available for placing bets:
Basically, while playing roulette a player has to anticipate the number or the type of the pocket where the small ball will land in the roulette wheel. There are several types of bets that players can place while playing roulette. The first type of bets is called the ‘Inside’ bets and with those bets, a player is betting that a ball will land on specific numbers and those bets have different odds. For example:
- ‘Straight up’ bets on a specific number has the odds of 35 to 1
- Betting on two numbers or split bets has the odds of 17 to 1
- Betting on three numbers or ‘Street’ betting has the odds of 11 to 1
- Betting on four numbers or corner betting has the odds of 8 to 1
- Betting on six numbers or six line betting has the odds of 5 to 1
The second type of bet while playing roulette is called ‘outside’ bets and with these kinds of bets, a player is not betting on specific numbers and those bets are placed outside of the map. For example:
- Betting on color (red or black) has the odds of 1 to 1
- Betting on even or odd numbers has the odds of 1 to 1
- Betting on 12 numbers or column betting has the odds of 2 to 1
- Betting on a dozen (1st 12, etc) has the odds of 2 to 1
- Betting high or low has the odds of 1 to 1
Before a player actually starts to play the game, he or she needs to be aware of the fact that each casino will have an edge on each and single casino game. When it comes to the roulette, the casino edge or the advantage of casino comes from the fact that the game featured ‘0’ or ’00’ in the United States. The odds that we talked about before would be true if roulette map would feature only numbers between 1 and 36.
Roulette Types: Different Versions of the Game
Even though we have mentioned that the game of roulette has not changed a lot since it was created, some casinos prefer to use different versions of the game. Currently, there are three types of roulette that are available in casinos around the world as well as in online casinos and those three types are:
- American Roulette
- European Roulette
- French Roulette
The differences between these three types are not that great but they are enough for many to consider them different types of the game.
When it comes to American Roulette, it needs to be mentioned that this type of roulette featured 38 divisions. Those divisions correlated with the number between 1 and 36, but American Roulette also features divisions for ‘0’ as well as for ’00’. This type of roulette is popular the most in the United States and hence the name of this type. The American Roulette also features the third color – green and it is reserved for the ’00’ and ‘0’. Currently, many online casinos are also providing this type of the game on their sites. Besides that, online casinos also provide the live American Roulette for all their players.
On the other hand, European Roulette is the most popular version of this game and this type of the game is played in all parts of the world. This version of the game features a wheel with 37 divisions and they correlated with the numbers between 1 and 36 and it also includes a single zero as well. The house edge is a bit smaller than it is the case with the American Roulette and it is cut to 1/37.
The third and the final version of roulette is the French
Roulette. This version of the game also features a 37 division wheel. However, unlike other versions of this game, French Roulette features one rule called ‘half-back’ rule. This rule is applied in cases when a player makes an even money bet or when he or she places bets on either of the following options: red, black, odd, even, 1-18, and 19-36. If the ball lands in zero after making that kind of bet, the player will get back half of the bet that he made before spinning of the wheel. This rule is also known under the name ‘la partage’.
These versions of roulette are very fluid because all types of this game feature some elements of other versions. In some places, American Roulette might feature the ‘la partage’ rule while in some casinos in Europe, players have the option of playing American Roulette. In order to make roulette more popular around the world and to attract new players, many online casinos have offered a live version of each of these roulette types.
Roulette Strategies: Luck Reigns Supreme
Strategies for playing casino games have been used by many players in order to beat the casino edge and to go home with huge sums of money. However, players do not understand that it is almost impossible to come up with the effective strategy that will defeat the casino. When it comes to the game of roulette, many players have tried to come up with certain roulette strategies but they turned out to be ineffective as well. The main reason for that is the fact that only pure luck determines whether or not a player will go home with huge sums of money.
One of the strategies that players tried to use while playing roulette was the prediction method. They believe that they will be able to predict the place where the ball will land in the wheel and they based their betting decisions on those predictions. However, in the game of roulette, there are huge numbers of variables and it is simply not possible to correctly predict on which slot or on which color the ball will land. In the past, some players were able to win some important money by using similar methods but in the end, it turned out that the wheel itself allowed players to predict where the ball will land. However, today, low-profile roulette wheels are used and it is not possible at all to predict the place of landing for the ball.
Besides that, players have often tried to use certain betting systems in order to win significant amounts of money. One of those betting systems was martingale betting strategy and with this strategy, a gambler will double the amount of his or her bet every time after the loss. They would do this in order to recover the previous losses and to win additional profit that would be equal to the original bet. The problem with this strategy is the fact that a player could lose so many rounds in a row that he or she would soon be left without any money or they would reach the table limit of the bet with doubling their bets after each loss.
Over the years, many players have tried to come up with a certain strategy that might help them to win money by playing roulette. However, each of those strategies or methods proved unreliable as it is still impossible to predict the outcome of spin in the game. Because of that, many players have claimed that the game of roulette is pure luck and that it does not require a lot of skills.
Conclusion: The Ultimate Test of Luck and Intuition
Roulette is relatively simply casino game and it is no wonder that it attracts a huge number of players in all parts of the world. Besides being one of the oldest casino games, roulette has also remained almost unchanged during the entire history which additionally improves the experience of playing this game. The game of roulette has become so popular that many online casinos have opted to introduce the live roulette feature in their offer as well.
Additionally, the mobile roulette has kept all the important features of the game so players have the opportunity to experience this game while playing on their mobile devices. It does not matter what type of roulette you choose to play, the experience of playing this game is totally unique. It also needs to be mentioned that there is no strategy that can guarantee a safe winning while playing roulette because this entire game is based on pure luck.